|John E. Lauman||
- Abraham Markley Schwenk (1759 - 1843) Sgt. PA, SAR No. P-285866, DAR No. A101252. Served under Capt. James Haslett, 2nd Batt., Philadelphia CO Militia.more
Henry S. Dotterer, in his History of the Perkiomen Region, gives the following incident as occurring during the Rev. War: "Abraham Schwenk was a tanner in Germantown at the time of the war. He was nineteen years old, tall, fine young man and was under age but because of his size the officers did not know it. At the Battle of Germantown, he went upstairs in a house as he was wounded a woman said the British are coming, he said, 'Let the devils come' and took a large stick from the fireplace and drove them back."
He served in the Revolution as a Sergeant of the 7th Class in the Company commanded by Capt. James Haslett, 2nd Battalion, Philadelphia Co. Militia, 20 Nov 1778. He is also on the class roll of Capt. Michael Gangler's Company, 4th Battalion, Montgomery Co. Militia commanded by Lt. Col. Peter Richards for the year 1786. On the same roll appears Daniel Schwenk.
This family lived in Claytonville, PA until buying a large farm in Frederick Twp, at what is now Delphi or Zeiglerville Station. In 1784 he bought 6 acres of land in Frederick Twp, which he sold in 1791 to Christopher Streecher for 33 pounds. This 6 acres was part of the Perkiomen Cooper Mine tract which had been sold at public auction in 1773.
On 13 Apr 1804, Jacob Fuchs and Anna Maria his wife deeded 150 acres to Abraham Schwenk Sr. and his brother Daniel Schwenk. On 1 Apr 1804, Abraham Schwenk and wife Fronica and Daniel Schwenk and wife Catherine sold this tract to Henry Adams.
On 6 Aug 1807, Abraham Schwenk purchased a farm of 140 acres in Skippack, from John Dehaven for $5133.33 1/3, it being the original homestead of John Powling [Pawling]. Then he bought 36 more acres from Henry Keely adjoining the land. Here Abraham resided until his death. The farm was on the east side of the Perkiomen Creek Midway between Gratersford and Schwenksville. There was no bridge across the river in these early days and everyone used a conveniently set low spot called Graters Ford to cross the stream. Here was the old homestead of Enos S. Schwenk (one of the sons of Abraham Sr. and Abraham Jr.'s brother.) Abraham built a tannery on his farm and was a tanner and farmer until he gave the farm and his business to his son, John.
Abraham and his family were members of Keeley's Lutheran congregation in Schwenksville.
Abraham's will was dated 11 Jul 1842. It was admitted to probate a month after his death on 6 Aug 1843. By this will he divided his entire estate among his 9 children or their heirs and names his sons George, Jacob and Samuel and his son-in-law George Reiff as executors. At the time of his death, Abraham and his son Samuel were occupying his farm in Frederick Twp., and the farm was left to Samuel.
- Jacob Markley (1701 - 1784) Patriotic Service, PA, SAR No. P-241489, DAR No. A073850.more
From "The Strassburger Family and Allied Families of Pennsylvania,"
by Ralph Beaver Strassburger, 1922, pp. 341-352:
Jacob (Merkle) MARKLEY, son of Abraham and Anna Veronica Merkle, was born at Wimpfen in Hesse-Darmstadt, July 11, 1701. He was a twin to Isaac, who died in infancy. The Markley chart has an error in regard to these twins. While stating that Jacob and Isaac were twins (Zwillinge) born "11 Juli, 1701," underneath the name of Isaac is "gestorben (died) 15 October, 1699." Another son named Isaac was born 1704, who also died young.
Jacob Merkle came to Pennsylvania when a young man, settling in the Skippack region, where he married February 13, 1722, Barbara Dotterer, daughter of George Philip and Veronica Dotterer, of Frederick Township, Montgomery, but then in Philadelphia, Co.
Jacob (Merkle) Markley was one of the early settlers of what was then known as Bebbers Township. Here in 1725 we find him signing his name "Jacob Märckley" to the petition to the Court of Quarter Sessions of Philadelphia County requesting that a township be regularly laid out covering this district and be given the name of "Skippack and Perkiomen".
In May, 1728, his name appears among those residents of "Van Berbers Township and ye adjacencies Belonging" who sent a petition to the Governor of the Commonwealth, asking for protection against the Indians who were attacking settlers at "Falkners Swamp & New Cosahopin." More than half of these names were written by John Roberts, an Englishman who lived near Pennepacker's Mills and we, therefore, find him as "Jacob Marieke." Apparently he was not greatly concerned about the threatened Indian outrages, for two months later, July 17, 1728, he purchased of Jost Heydt, one hundred acres, and November 28, following, bought one hundred and thirty-two acres of Nicholas Scull. These tracts were located within the limits of the present East Perkiomen Township.
In 1734, he is reported as a taxable of Perkiomen and Skip-pack township, owning two hundred acres; on January 13, 1733, he paid quit-rent on three hundred and eighty-two acres of land in Bebbers Township. In the census taken June 5, 1756, of "Parkiomen & Shippaake" township, appears the name Jacob Marcly, housekeeper; occupation, farmer, four children under 21; acres owned 150--50 acres cleared, 15 acres sowed with corn, 1 horse, three horned cattle. In 1769, he paid a proprietary tax on one hundred and fifty acres, one horse, three horned cattle; in 1776, the same amount of land, one horse and three horned cattle are still credited to him. Since he appears to have owned but one horse, when this was stolen from him it is not surprising that we find him advertising the loss in the two leading papers of the community. In the Pennsylvania Gazette of July 31, 1776, appears the following notice:
FIVE POUNDS REWARD.
Stolen from the subscriber, living in Perkiomen township, Philadelphia county, the 12th of July inst. at night a Strawberry-roan HORSE 9 years old, about 16 hands high with a white star in his forehead paces and trots, carries lofty, was shod on one of his fore feet. Whoever takes up the said horse and thief and secures them, so that the thief may be brought to justice, and the owner may have the horse again, shall have the above reward for both, or Three Pounds for the horse only, and reasonable charges paid by Jacob Merkley.
Jacob Markley subscribed to the qualifications and was naturalized September 24, 1753, thus becoming a full citizen of Pennsylvania. As he had conscientious scruples against taking an oath, he is named as a Quaker and therefore merely affirmed the terms of naturalization. Both he and his family were members of Augustus Evangelical Lutheran Church at New Providence (Trappe), where we find the following entried on the church book:
"Anna Barbara Merckle, daughter of Jacob, born October 6, 1746; baptized March 29, 1747; godparents, Abraham Merckle and wife. "April 7, 1751, in Providence was confirmed:
Veronica Merckelin, Jacob Merckels daughter, 19 years old. She can read a little. "June 1, 1760, was confirmed:
Nella, Jacob Merckels daughter, 17 years old. "In the year 1770 was confirmed:
Hanna Mercklin, Jacobs daughter, 18. "1751, April 30, Georg Schwenck and Veronica Merckelin, Jacob Merckels daughter were married.
"Jacob Merckel and wife Barbara were sponsors for Jacob, son of Jurg Schwenck and wife Euphronica, born 7th June, baptized 3rd August, 1755."
Among the members of the Congregation who promised to contribute yearly to the "Salery of the Reverd Parstor Muhlenberg" November 27, 1760, were:
Jacob Merckle, 15s
Abraham Merckle, 10s
Philip Merckle, 10s
George Schwenck 7s 6d
At the outbreak of hostilities with England, the Continental Congress, on July 18, 1775, then convening in Philadelphia, passed the following resolution:
"In Congress, 18th July, 1775.
"RESOLVED, That it be recommended to the Inhabitants of the United English Colonies in North America, that all able-Bodied effective Men, between 16 & 50 years of age, in each Colony, immediately form themselves into regular Companies of Militia, to consist of one Captain, two Lieutenants, One Ensign, four Serjeants, four Corporals, One Clerk, one Drummer, one Fifer, and about Sixty-eight Privates.
"That the Officers of each Company be chosen by the respective Companies.
"That the Companies be formed into Regiments or Battalions, Officer'd with a Colonel, Lieutenant Colonel, two Majors, and Adjutant or Quarter Master.
"That all Officers above the Rank of a Captain be appointed by their respective Provincial Assemblies or Conventions, or in their recess by the Committees of Safety appointed by said Assemblies or Conventions.
"As there are some people who, from religious principles, cannot bear arms in any case, this Congress intend no violence to their consciences, but earnestly recommend it to them to contribute liberally to the relief of their distressed brethren, in their several colonies, and to do all other services to their oppressed Country which they can consistently with their religious principles.
"That it be recommended to each Colony to appoint a Committee of Safety, to superintend and direct all matters necessary for the Security and defense of their respective Colonies in the recess of their Assemblies and Conventions.
Charles Thomson, Sec'ty."
In pursuance of this order, the citizens of Philadelphia County met and formed themselves into companies of associators and elected their field officers. The return of the First Battalion, which included Perkiomen and Skippack townships, shows that Daniel Heister, Jr., Esquire, was chosen Colonel; Jacob Reed, Esquire, Lieutenant Colonel, and Jacob Markley, Esquire, Major. Jacob Markley was now in his 76th year, and the fact that he was chosen despite his years to hold this important military office certainly is an indication that he was in most hearty sympathy with the American cause. It is not known if he accepted this office, or if at any time he performed actual service in the field. Colonel Heister's Regiment was ordered to Swede's Ford, on duty, but the Revolutionary rolls, as they appear in the Pennsylvania Archives, do not again name Major Jacob Markley, though he was known as Major Markley the rest of his life.
Barbara Dotterer, wife of Jacob Markley, died July 24, 1738. On July 29, 1739, he married (second) Barbara Rausch, who was born April 14, 1714. The third daughter of this marriage, born November 9, 1744, was christened May 18, 1745, by the pastor of the Falkner Swamp Lutheran Church.
The old Lutheran Family Bible of the Markleys was printed in Nuremberg, 1725. It contains a lengthy family record written by Jacob Markley, the original owner, Philip Parkley, his son, and George Boyer, a later descendant. Following is a copy of the earliest record:
1st A son born _______
2nd A son born on the last Sunday the 27th day, in the month of August, A.D. 1725, baptized and named Philip. his godfather and godmother were his grandparents, George Philip Dodderer and Fronica his wife.
3rd A daughter born New Years day, 1727, but died soon after.
4th Isaac Markley, Born 1729.
5th Veronica Markley, Born April 1, 1732
6th Rebecca Markley.
7th A daughter born April 9, A.D. baptized and named _____; her sponsors in baptism were her parents.
8th A daughter, born April 1st, A.D. 1732, baptized May 4th and named Fronica, her sponsors were (German and undecipherable).
9th A daughter born May 27th, A.D. 1736, baptized July 18, and named Christina.
10th A daughter born May 9th, 1738, and named Catherine.
July 24, 1738, the above named Barbara (late Barbara Dodderer) wife of Jacob Markley, died.
2nd wife, July 29, 1739, the said Jacob Markley again married to Barbara Kausch [Rausch] (which said Barbara Kausch was born April 14th A.D. 1714.)
11th A daughter born Februrary 15th, 1741.
August 29th, 1784, the above named Jacob Marckley died.
From the above record we find that Jacob Markley died August 29, 1784, in his 84th year. He made a will June 10, 1779, which was probated January 24, 1785.
(Will Book No. 1, pg. 29. Norristown, Pennsylvania.)
Although a diligent search has been made, the burial place of Jacob Markley and his two wives has not been ascertained. In all probability they were buried in the graveyard belonging to the Lutheran Church at Trappe, of which he and his family were for many years prominently associated, but if so, no tombstones are now standing to mark their graves. Or he may have been interred in the Falkner Swamp Lutheran churchyard with which congregation he later identified. Jacob Markley left many worthy descendants. Numerous of them served in the Revolutionary War and other conflicts into which the United States later engaged, while others entered professional or commercial life, many of whom attained high positions in their own particular field of endeavor.
Children of Jacob MARKLEY and Barbara (Dodderer) DOTTERER:
1. Abraham Markley, born August 12, 1723; married September, 1745,
2. Philip Markley, born August 27, 1725, d. 1800 in Norristown;
married December 16, 1746, Mary Johnson, b. about 1724, d. 1814. Their
son, John Markley, b. 08 Dec 1764, d. 28 Jul 1834, married Elizabeth
Schwenk, b. 3 Oct 1767, d. 05 Sep 1804, daughter of George Schwenk and
3. A daughter, born on January 1, 1727; died soon after.
4. Isaac Markley, born Mary 24, 1729, died 19 May 1812; married Sarah Thompson. Their children were:
i. Abraham Markley, born 01 Aug 1764, died 25 Sep 1829, married Elizabeth Boger, b. 23 Aug 1779, d. 05 Apr 1830.
ii. George Markley, born 24 Nov 1755, died 19 Sep 1816, married Betty Clemens, born 1755, died ?
iii. Henry Markley, born 17 July 1759, died 26 Oct 1828.
5. Veronica Markley, born April 1, 1732, died October 2, 1777; married April 30, 1751, George Schwenk, born 24 Feb 1728, died 24 Feb 1803. Their children were:
i. John (Johannes) Schwenk, born 5 Mar 1752, died 03 Feb 1803, married Regina Kraus, born 12 Apr 1756, died after 1803.
ii. Jacob Schwenk, born 7 Jun 1755, died 29 Jul 1825, married Eva Maria Beirly, born 24 May 1753, died 04 Mar 1835.
iii. Abraham M. Schwenk, born 24 May 1759, died 06 Aug 1843, married Fronica Bauer, born 10 Apr 1756, died 13 Sep 1840.
iv. Daniel Schwenk, born 5 May 1761, died 26 Feb 1836, married
Catherine Raudenbush, born 6 Jan 1765, died 17 Aug 1802.
v. Elizabeth Schwenk, born 3 Oct 1767, died 05 Sep 1804, married
John Markley (son of Philip Markley and Mary Johnson), b. 8 Dec 1764, died 28 Jul 1834.
6. Rebecca Markley, married Frederick Isaac (Isett).
7. Christina Markley, born 27 May 1736, married Col. William Antes.
8. Catherine Markley, born May 9, 1738, married July 13, 1757 Christian Brennemann.
Children of Jacob MARKLEY and Barbara RAUSCH:
9. Eleanor Markley, born February 5, 1741, married Tobias Boganer.
10. Elizabeth Markley, married Paulus Benner.
11. Mary Magdalena Markley, born November 9, 1744.
12. Barbara Markley, born October 6, 1746; married March 28, 1772, John Smith.
13. Hanna Markley, married January 11, 1774, Jacob Brotzman.
MARKLY, JACOB. Skippack. June 19, 1779. January 24, 1785. 1.19
To wife Barbara, bed, bedstead and bedding, pewter and earthen ware as she shall judge necessary, table, two chairs, two iron pots, teakettle and teatackling, towel, our present lodging room and kitchen for her use and the yearly interest of 150 pds. Son in law Jacob Brutzman to farm plantation as now for the third bushel. At death of wife plantation to be sold. To my daughter Eleanor, wife of Tobias Boganer, 5 shillings. All money to be divided into 11 equal shares. One share each to sons: Abraham, Philip and Isaac. One to 5 children of my daughter Zornica. One to daughter Christiana, wife of William Antis. One to daughter Elizabeth Benner. One to daughter Barbarah, wife of John Smith. One to daughter Rebekah, wife of Frederick Isaac. One to daughter Hannah, wife of Jacob Brutzman. One to daughter Caterine, and one to my two sons Abraham and Isaac for the use of ny daughter Eleanor.
Execs: Sons Abraham and Isaac. Wit: William Penevacer, Jacob Markley
Much of the information on the descendants of Jacob M. Markley comes from:
"Descendants of Jacob Markley of Skippack, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania", by Henry S. Dotterer; published by The Markley Freundschaft. 1884. From the preface of the book: "This record is not presented as a complete genealogy. It was prepared hastily, for a special purpose, from material gathered and intended for use at some future time. It is, indeed, a mere outline; and it embraces but the first six generations in this country. On account oflack of necessary information, some branches are given only in part and others are altogether omitted. However, in its imperfect state, it will serve to show the number, the distribution, the connections, and the character, of the Markley Freundschaft. It will also be a help in clearly establishing kinship heretofore indistinct or unknown."
NOTE: Place of birth could be: Bonfeld, Oberamt Heilbronn, Wurttemberg, Germany
- George Schwenk (1728 - 1803) Pvt. PA, SAR No. ?, DAR No. ?. Served in Capt. Michael Dotterer's Co., Philadelphia Co. Militia.more
Overseerer of Highways, Frederick Twp., Philadelphia Co. (now Montgomery Co.), PA in 1775.
Bean's History of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, 1884, pg. 838.
The following are notes taken from "Strassburger & Allied Families of Pennsylvania" by Ralph Beaver Strassburger:
George Schwenk, with his parents, landed in America on February 7, 1739 aboard the "Jamaica Galley". He was said to be 11 years of age at the time. He resided in what is now Frederick Twp, Montgomery Co., PA. It was then known as Perkiomen Twp. He was a farmer and a blacksmith. George Schwenk was naturalized at a session of the Supreme Court held in Philadelphia on 24 Sep 1755. The census of 1756 for Perkiomen Twp. showed George Schwenk having two children, 100 acres of land, and 40 acres of cleared land.
In 1769, George Schwenk was Assessor for Frederick Twp. He himself was taxed of 15 pounds, 18 shillings, 4 pence on 200 acres of land, 3 horses and 5 cows. In 1774, George Schwenk was taxed 16 pounds, 1 shilling, 4 pence on 200 acres, 3 horses and 5 horned cows. In 1779, George Schwenk was Collector of Taxes for the supply tax of that year, he himself being taxed 16 pounds.
George Schwenk is listed as head of family in the first census of the United States taken in the year 1790, Montgomery Co., Pennsylvania. (Montgomery County had previously been part of Philadelphia County.)
This family was one of the original founders of Augustus Lutheran Church in Trappe. The original building was constructed in 1743. George promised to pay 7 shillings, 6 pence yearly toward the salary of Pastor Henry Melchior Muhlenburg, while his father-in-law, Jacob Merckle, contributes 15 shillings as his subscription.
George and Fronica Schwenk lived at first in what is now Zeiglerville, opposite the old home of Andrew Zeigler, Jr. George sold his property and moved to a larger home, which was built on the North Branch of the Perkiomen Creek, about 3/4 of a mile southwest of the Borough of Schwenksville, where he plied his trade of blacksmith, making and repairing tools for the company which opened and operated a copper mine nearby.
Besides following his trade as blacksmith, George was also a farmer. His farm was for the most part in Frederick Twp. The first purchase of land for which there is any record was 100 acres in Frederick Twp, on the west side of the Old Goshenhoppen Creek. This land was secured from his father and mother, Michael and Mary Schwenk, on 2 Jan 1754. On 4 Apr 1761, George and Fronica sold this tract to Henry Boyer. On 28 Oct 1765, George bought from David Heebner 200 acres, also in Frederick Twp, which adjoined the other lands of said George Schwenk. On 2 May 1768, he sold 146 acres and 126 perches of land to Ludwick Reimer. The other lands referred to were probably a homestead tract not recorded in either Philadelphia or Montgomery County records. In the body of the deed, George's occupation is listed as blacksmith, and Ludowick Reimer is listed as a yeoman or farmer. Cost of the property was 550 pounds, 6 shillings, 3 pence. It was originally part of the land that one John Johnson, a saddler of Germantown and Agnes his wife deeded on 5 Mar 1745 to David Heebner and Mary his wife, who granted by deed to George Schwenk on 8 Oct 1765.
Another deed on record of Norristown, one that by indenture dated 27 Mar 1771, George Schwenk with his brother Nicholas purchased in 1769 a small farm in Gwynedd Twp. This tract, George Schwenk of Frederick Twp, blacksmith, and Fronica his wife and Nicholas Schwenk of Lower Salford Twp, a blacksmith, and Barbara his wife, sold to Nicholas Charles for 200 pounds. Nicholas Charles was a baker and lived in Gwynedd Twp. In the deed, originally in 1769, dated 29 Apr 1769, one William Swenck of Gwynedd Twp, a blacksmith, and Mary his wife, sold to Nicholas Swenk and George Swenk a 40 acre, 26 perch farm in Gwynedd. Nicholas and George sold the property for 200 pounds to Nicholas Charles. The deed was signed in the presence of Frederick Antes and Catherine Shuler, and signed by Nicolas Swenck, Barbara [X her mark] Swenk, George Swenck and Fronica (X her mark) Swenck. (William Swenck being Johann Wilhelm, brother of George and Nicholas.)
A third deed of record in Norristown shows that George Schwenk, on 30 May 1795, three days after purchasing four tracts of land in Frederick Twp from the heirs of Henry Krauss, conveyed these same lands to his son John, who at the time lived in Upper Hanover Twp. In this deed, George Schwenk is noted as widower, his wife Fronica having died in 1777. The price was $1415 pounds. The first of the four tracts adjoined Swamp Creek, the lands of Baltus Fouts, George Weineherd, Michael Kraus, containing 50 acres. The second of the four tracts adjoined Joseph Groff's land and the lands of George Peter Herp, Hans George Swineherd, and John Budd, containing 50 acres. The third of the four tracts adjoined Swamp Creek and the lands of John Miller, Henry Mitchel, Limerick Twp line, and Henry Draus, and containing 60 1/2 acres. The fourth of the tracts of land adjoined the lands of Hans Meiller, the great road leading from Falkner Swamp, lands of Baltzer Heidrick, and containing 6 1/2 acres.
The ownership of George Schwenk's farm has long since passed from the hands of the Schwenk family. In 1913, it was owned by Samuel Faust. The private cemetery on the farm where the family was buried, along with several children, grandchildren and greatgrandchildren of George and Fronica Schwenk, in 1929 lay among plowed fields. To save it from destruction, the Schwenk family purchased the plot of land. The tombstone of Fronica had fallen and broken. The headstones read in mostly obliterated words:
George Schwenk Fronica Schwenk
B. Feb 24 1728 Gebehren Den Isten
D. Feb 24 1803 April in Jahr 1732
Age 75 Years Storl Den 2ten October
Hier Ruhen in Jahn 1777
Vorstorbenan Ibr Alter 45 Jahr
The Schwenk Family Association erected new stones, leaving the old ones laying flat on the ground. The new ones read:
Here Lies the Body of In Memory of
the Deceased George Schwenk Fronica Wife of
Who was Born in the Year George Schwenk
1728 in March Born the 1st of April, 1732
and Died the 24th Day Died the 2nd of Oct 1777
of February in the Year 1803 Age 45 Years, 6 Months, 1 Day
Having reached the Age of
[Note: buried near George and Fronica are:
Catharina Schwenken b. 6 Jan 1765 d. 6 Aug 1802
Regina: b. 2 Apr 1756 d. 14 Aug 1805
Johannes: b. 1752 d. 1803
Georg: b. 1771 d. 1802
Anna: b. 5 Sep 1786 d. 29 Mar 1803
SWENCK, GEORGE. Frederick. March 21, 1803. Jacob Swenck, Abraham Markley, adms.
|Robert D. McNeese-Young||
- William C. Bryan (1734 - 1780) Capt. KY, SAR No. P-183817, DAR No. A016289. Served as Capt. of Fort, Bryan's Station, KY, and was killed by Indians loyal to England while defending the Fort. more
Son of Morgan and Martha Strode Bryan, William was born on 10 March 1734 in Orange Co.
, Pennsylvania and died 30 May 1780 at Bryan’s Station, Fayette, Kentucky. He married Mary Boone, daughter of Squire and Sarah Morgan Boone in 1755. William, the intrepid but tragic "Billy" Bryan whom the Moravians admired, declined the king's commission as lieutenant colonel and instead organized and led the establishment of Bryan's Station (1775–79) near the present Lexington, Ky. Daughter Mary, born 7 January 1777 in Rowan County, North Carolina; died March 1856 in Hagar Hill, Johnson, Kentucky; married Joseph Ingels, son of James Ingels, Jr..
In 1779 the land law of Virginia was enacted which turned such a tide of immigration into Kentucky, and permanent settlements were made for the first time. One of these was Bryan Station. It was founded by four Bryan brothers from North Carolina, William, Morgan, James, and Joseph, of whom William was the leading spirit, and with them was William Grant, who also had married a sister of Daniel Boone
. All five were elderly but stalwart woodsmen, and as each were blessed with a great family of children as they set out from the valley of Yadkin. They all came by way of Boonesborough, where they stopped to replenish their supply of corn, and from that fort, after a laborious march, they came to the North Elkhorn Creek, where they made a final halt at a spot about five miles northeast of the little stockaded settlement of Lexington. Here in the very heart of the neutral ground of the Northern and the southern Indians, in the choicest game park where all might hunt, but where no tribe might remain, and in that section of it was Bryan's Station planted. The new station was quickly built. It was a rude and solitary habitation, but as strong as it was rude. It consisted at first of twelve of fourteen cabins of logs with barks on, with roofs of the roughest clapboard and provided with chimneys of sticks and clay, but lighted by not one pane of glass, and all arranged as a hollow square by aid of great pickets made of the trunks of trees split in two and planted firmly in the ground. And the whole, green as the forest from which it had been hewed, was fashioned by an axe and put together by wooden pegs and pins without the help of a nail or a hinge of iron. The station was more noticed at this time for its reputation than its size. It stood on an elevated point that had been cleared of trees big enough to screen an enemy and which tapered steeply down to the southern bank of the heavily wooded creek. At the foot of the hill which hid it from the station, and facing the creek, was a spring of almost ice-cold water that issued from a ledge of rocks that jutted from the hillside.
Bryan's Station was unusually animated in December 1779 and January of 1780 in spite of the bitterly cold weather, as the Commissioners appointed by Virginia to settle land claims held their court within its snow covered walls and the pioneers gathered to get the certificates that meant so much to them, for these documents secured to each holder 400 acres of land actually settled, and a preemption right to purchase at the state price a thousand acres or less adjoining his settlement, providing that the settlement had been made before January 1, 1778; on unappropriated land, to which no other had a legal right. it was while this court was in session that the Bryans who had rested secure in the belief that they were the owners of the station land by right of settlement, met the first of a series of discouragement that caused them to abandon the place. Their settlement was found to be within the limits of a survey made in July 1774 for William Preston.
The spring of 1780 came and with it came the Indians, as they always did at this season of the year. In the month of May 1780, William Bryan was killed by Indians while he was out hunting with eleven other men from the station in quest of meat for the use of their families. With the loss of their lands and the death of their leader, the Bryan's left Kentucky in August 1780 and returned to North Carolina.
The occupants of this parallelogram of some forty log cabins withstood several American Indian attacks. The most important occurred in August 1782 during the American Revolutionary War, when they were besieged by 300 Wyandots, Lake Indians, and British Canadian Rangers plus many Shawnee and Delaware Indians, all under Captain William Caldwell and Simon Girty, making a total force of 4-500 in Col. Daniel Boone's estimation. Bryan Station was located a short distance from a spring that the camp used for drinking water.
Since the hostiles secretly surrounding the fort did not realize that the presence of their large force was known by the defenders, the men allowed the women to exit the fort to retrieve water and other resources. The reason this was done was in order to prevent any change in habit that could signal that the defenders were aware of the presence of the hidden force preparing to besiege them. Historian Ranck asserts that all the important contemporary writers convey this impression: "For the men to go to the spring would be to do exactly as the savages desired and devote the garrison to destruction. If the women went in accordance with their regular early morning custom, the enemy would be confirmed in the delusion that their presence in force was undiscovered,* and would withhold their fire to insure the complete success of their plans. The suggestion was full of hope, but all the same the savages were known to be mere creatures of impulse, hard to control and regardless of sex." The Indians had no compunction attacking women, as they had done at nearby Ruddell's and Martin's Stations where even children were slaughtered two years earlier, and so the bravery of the women of Bryan Station is all the greater.
At the time of the siege the militia did not realize just how many Indians were waiting for them outside of the fort or that these Indians had some support from the British. This attack was a surprise attack and the militia in the fort were unprepared for this attack. The attackers lifted the siege after Indian scouts reported that a force of Kentucky militia was on the way. The militiamen pursued Caldwell's force but were defeated three days later at the Battle of Blue Licks, about 60 miles (100 km) northeast.
Probate: will, 23 May 1780, Rowan, North Carolina, USA. 3
WILL OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM BRYAN (See Bryan #8)
Rowan County, NC
Will Book B, pp. 36-7-8
In the name of God Amen, I William Bryan of the County of Kentucky being inn low estate health, but of sound mind and perfect memory (Thank God) and calling to mind my mortality and to prevent disputes that may arise after my death do dispose of those earthly things with which it has pleased God to bless me do make and ordain this to be my last will and testament in manner and form following, viz.
Item, I give and bequeath unto my beloved wife Mary Bryan one thousand acres of land which I purchased of Sarah Bryan, lying between Cain and the north fork of Elkhorn Creek in Caintucky County, it being part of a settlement and pre-emption due unto said Sarah Bryan in consideration off raising a crop of corn in sad County of Kentucky in the year 1776, at the discretion of my sad wife to take what part of the land she pleases. I also give unto my sad wife three Negroes, to wit. one woman named Detbey, and two men named James and Caser, also four horses, one sorrel mare called Blaze, one roan horse called Briten, one stallion and one bay colt out of a m air called Bluestreak and all the household and kitchen furniture, plantation utensils and implements of husbandry to her and her heirs and assigns forever.
Item, I give and bequeath unto my son Samuel Bryan one Negro woman due me from John Hawkins of the State of North Carolina to him and his heirs and assigns forever.
Item, I give and bequeath to my son, Daniel Bryan, all the rest of lands not all ready given and one Negro man named Goen and one sorrell stalion and all my smith and carpenter tools to him and his heirs forever.
Item, I give and bequeath unto my daughter, Phoebe Bryan, three horse kind now called hers and one Negro boy named George and two cows called hers to her and her heirs and assigns forever.
Item, I give and bequeath unto my daughter, Hannah Bryan, one Negro girl named Rachel, one bay mare called James, two cows now called hers to her and her heirs and assigns forever.
Item, I give unto my daughter, Sarah Bryan, one Negro girl named Jean and one young sorrel mare and one white heffer to her and her heirs and assigns forever.
Item, All the money due me from John Hawkins of the State of North Carolina I give and bequeath unto my children, Samuel, Daniel, Phoebe, Hannah, Elizabeth, Sarah and Mary share and share alike to them and their heirs and assigns forever.
Item, I give and bequeath unto my beloved wife, Mary, all the remainder of my stock of cattle, hogs, and sheep to her and her heirs and assigns forever.
Item, All the rest of my estate not already given what kind so ever I give to all my children, share and share alike to them their heirs and assigns for ever; and lastly I appoint my beloved wife, Mary Bryan, Executor and my two sons, Samuel and Daniel, Executors of this my last will hereby r evoking all former wills whatsoever. In witness whereof the said William Bryan hath hereunto set his hand and affixed his seal this 23rd d ay of May 1780.
William Bryan (Seal)
In presence of Joseph Bryan, William Grant, Sam. Boone
Proved 7 August 1782
A true and correct copy
--- McCubin D. C.
Death, 30 May 1780, , Fayette, Kentucky, USA.
Killed By Indians At Bryan's Station, Kentucky
- Mary Boone Bryan (1736 - 1819) Patriotic Service, KY, DAR No. A016269. Suffered deprivation from British and Indian attacks upon the Fort (Bryan's Station).more
Mary was born in Pennsylvania and was the seventh child of Squire and Sarah M. Boone. She grew up in a full house with seven brothers and three sisters. Her father emigrated from England in the early 1700s and originally settled in Pennsylvania before moving his family to North Carolina in 1750. The Boones lived their lives according to Quaker teachings.
She was about fourteen years old when her family moved to North Carolina. There, she met William Bryan, whom she married in 1755. At the time of their marriage, Mary was eighteen and William was twenty-one. William Morgan Bryan, founder of Bryan Station, a settlement that provided a haven for pioneers in central Kentucky. Three of the Boone siblings, including Daniel Boone, married a member of the Bryan family. Therefore, the two families were very much interconnected. The Bryans accompanied Boone on some of his expeditions into Kentucky. After the founding of Boonesborough, William Bryan established his namesake settlement less than thirty miles away, and just north of present day Lexington.
The French and Indian War had already begun, and, by 1759, conflicts with Native Americans were happening throughout the Yadkin Valley. William was often gone with the militia and Mary was left at home with two children. Although Mary's parents and many family members left for the safety of Virginia for several years, she and William stayed. In 1762, family members began returning home. Three years later, in January of 1765, Mary's father died, her husband left for a job as road overseer in Salisbury, and Mary bore her fifth child.
William Bryan was with Daniel Boone in 1773 on their first ill-fated attempt at settling Kentucky. William's company was in Kentucky at Boonesborough by the fall of 1775. Mary stayed at home and managed the farm and family without her husband for months at a time.
In January of 1777, Mary had her tenth and last child. By 1779, William had built homes and planted crops in Kentucky. In late July, he returned to North Carolina for his family, and about three hundred members of the Boone-Bryan families moved to Kentucky together in the fall of that year.
That winter was one of the coldest in history; Indians raided the livestock and ambushed unwary travelers. Kentucky was a dangerous place in the late 1700s; attacks by Native Americans, who felt their lands were being encroached upon, were common. William Bryan fell victim to such an ambush and was mortally wounded. He died of his injuries in May 1780.
Mary's husband and three youngest sons died within seven months of reaching Kentucky. Mary returned over the Wilderness Trail to North Carolina with her remaining family. When she arrived back on the Yadkin, the Revolutionary War was raging. General Cornwallis marched through the region, wreaking havoc and destruction.
In 1786, Mary moved to Kentucky with her family for the last time. She lived on her son Samuel's farm near Paris. By 1793, Samuel had discovered salt in northern Kentucky and the family moved to Campbell County. Samuel and his Boone family cousin, John Grant, were in the salt business together. Daniel Boone also had a business relationship with Grant (his nephew), and John's brother, Squire Grant, who was the surveyor of Campbell County in 1796.
In 1818, after nearly forty years of widowhood, Mary wed Charles Smith, Sr., of Harrison County. She was eighty-two years old. Mary died seven months later, in July 1819, and was buried on Samuel's farm in Campbell County at Grant’s Lick. Mary's descendants moved her remains to the Oakland Cemetery at Grant's Lick in 1929 and erected a monument to her at that location.
- James Ingles (Ingalls), Jr. (1749 - 1815) Pvt. PA, SAR No. P-605914, Dar No. A059996. Served twice, from 1776 - 1777 in the 3rd PA Regt. under Col. Joseph Wood (Pvt. 2nd Cl. in Capt. Lambert Willmore's Co. 4th Batt.) and later as a Pvt. 4th Class in the Chester Co. Militia, Coventry Township.more
After James Jr. purchased his father’s land straddling the Berks-Chester line in Pennsylvania he married Catherine Boone DeHart, a widow, in 1777. His land was only 20 miles from Valley Forge and 10 miles from the birthplace of Daniel Boone. Events unfolded in the colonies that drew him into the Revolutionary War.
It has been passed along in the family that James moved to Kentucky in 1782 with Daniel Boone, but we do not know for sure if they actually met. We do know that James’ wife Catherine was Daniel Boone’s niece.
It’s likely James and his family took the Ohio River from Pittsburgh, which would have been dangerous at the time as deaths from Indian raids along the Ohio River were common. There had been many deaths all over Kentucky, partly due to defense of hunting grounds, but also due to the Revolutionary War and the British arming and inciting Indians to drive out the settlers. Grants Station, a small family fort where James settled in what would become Bourbon County, was partly destroyed by Indians in 1780 and then rebuilt. The Ohio was the final dividing line that Indians defended as much as they could.
Perrin’s History page 472 states:
James Ingels, en route to Kentucky, contracted with a gunsmith in Maysville, KY to make him a gun and take pay in bacon when produced. The pioneer went on with his family, locating near Grant’s Station. He finally raised the necessary bacon and sent a hired boy with it to Maysville to make the exchange. Several years later he had a letter from the boy advising that, instead of going to Maysville, he had wandered into Ohio, had bought a house, and was doing well. The boy offered to pay the Kentucky pioneer for his bacon, horse and cart, if he would go to Ohio, but he never went.
James prospered, owning a farm and building a solid stone house next to Grant’s Station. The house existed until the late 1920s and appears on several historical maps. They had two more children making seven total (an eighth one had died in Pennsylvania). These children were Joseph, James Henry, Elizabeth, Edith, Boone (named after Daniel Boone), Nellie (Eleanor), Thomas, and John. It is John, the youngest born in 1793, who is our direct ancestor.
In 1804 Catherine died and was buried on the farm. James remarried in 1811 to Elizabeth Pullen and had no further children. After a life of adventure and pioneering, James died in 1815 and was buried next to Catherine on the farm.
Their markers were torn up in the 1920s after the farm was sold. There is a memorial to James and his wife set up across the road by the DAR (daughters of the American Revolution) with pieces of the original stones.